However, it is generally agreed that tobacco was not abandoned extensively in Tidewater before the Revolution. The first Southern plantations were worked by Indentured servants the massive sizes of the plantations needed more and more labor. In 1611 Rolfe, known as "an ardent smoker," decided to experiment with cultivating tobacco in Jamestown.The plant had first been brought to England in 1565, perhaps from Florida by Sir John Hawkins, and by the 1610s there was a ready market in Britain for tobacco—especially Spanish tobacco from the West Indies. PlantationsWhat were plantations? The production of tobacco continued to increase in the Piedmont and decrease in Tidewater, and Piedmont Virginia became more firmly established as Virginia’s tobacco belt. Perhaps only slaves in sugar cane plantations in … Following the American Revolution, tobacco plantations spread westward to other parts of the upper South, including western Kentucky and Tennessee as well as Missouri. Additionally, the government under China National Tobacco Corporation (CNTC) manufactures tobacco products which accounts for approximately a third of global consumption. Slaves, both men and women, worked all year round undertaking back breaking work for up to eighteen hours per day. However, after the United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803, slave plantation owners also began growing sugar cane in addition to indigo on their plantations. American settlers soon found tobacco to be a profitable export crop. Planters had no trouble transporting their crops because of the many waterways in the Southern colonies that made it made it easy for ocean going ships to tie up at plantation docks. Cash crops (as opposed to subsistence crops) were specialized crops that were grown by planters to be sold for profits and not used for personal use on the plantations. When the indigo plants were in bloom, they were cut and put in large tubs to soak. To obtain the greatest yield from his land the planter raised three or four consecutive crops of tobacco in one field, then moved on to virgin fields. The tobacco leaves were then stripped from the stems and packed into hogsheads (round, wooden casks or barrels) used to hold tobacco for shipment. The tobacco industry produced tobacco which was originally used for pipes and snuff. By 1800 Piedmont Virginia had definitely become the major tobacco producing area. Indigo was a non-edible plant that was grown on the slave plantations in the Colonial period. The tobacco industry produced tobacco which was originally used for pipes and snuff. By 1860, cotton was the dominant form of slave labor in the United States, employing 2.5 million slaves, to produce 5 million bales of cotton each year. In the following year Robert Carter had hundreds of additional acres surveyed, in what is now Prince William County, as he extended his holdings above the Fall Line. The plantation slaves lived in basic, crude wooden cabins consisting of one or two rooms, often with a dirt floor, in the slave quarters. The longer a crop's harvest period, the more efficient the plantations were. At this time there were settlements in the following eight counties: Henrico, located on both sides of the James River, between Arrahattock and Shirley Hundred; Charles City, also located on both sides of the James from Shirley Hundred Island to Weyanoke; James City, on both sides of the James from Chippoakes to Lawnes Creek, and from the Chickahominy River on the north side to a point nearly opposite the mouth of Lawnes Creek; Warrasquoke (Isle of Wight), contained the area from the southern limit of James City to the Warrasquoke River; Warwick and Elizabeth City, the rest of the remaining settlements on the James River; Charles River (York), all of the plantations on the south bank of the York River; and finally Accomac. In 2000, the last cigarette manufacturer, Liggett and Myers, left Durham. The Tobacco Plantation: From Jamestown To The Blue Ridge. Sugar was most efficiently grown on the existing large slave plantations of the South. The largest concentration of tobacco plantations in North America, however, developed in the Chesapeake Bay colonies of Virginia and Maryland. Indigo PlantationsIndigo was the highly prized source of blue dye. In North America, the British turned to slavery for the cultivation of tobacco on plantations clustered around the Virginia, which provided an easy maritime route to Europe and, increasingly, to the centre of the tobacco trade in Glasgow. The southeastern United States is dotted with plantation homes, many of which date to before the American Revolution. Robert Carter of Nomini Hall patented over 900 acres of land above the Falls in 1707. In 1689 the York River area produced the largest quantity of tobacco, the Rappahannock River area was second, the Upper James third, and the Accomac Peninsula last. The construction of rice fields to create the rice plantations was an arduous task. The rice fields were flooded at certain times of the year, and then drained back out. The owners of the plantations were usually rich, refined gentlemen from England. The owners lived in colonial mansions, the overseers in small houses and the slave lived in very basic wooden cabins in the slave quarters. For the first twenty years after the landing at Jamestown, the settlers restricted themselves to the valley of the James and to the Accomac Peninsula. In 1723 a traveler, who had just visited above the Falls, mentioned seeing many fields of tobacco. Large-scale cultivation of cotton using slave labor was extremely profitable for the owners of the cotton plantations in the Colonial period of American history. Tobacco PlantationsTobacco was the first plantation crop raised by the Southern colonies. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Vast areas of land had to be cleared for planting and crops had to be sewn and harvested by hand. The plantations were still more thickly grouped in James City than in any other county. A variant of the indigo plant is native to South Carolina and Georgia. This boldness was shortlived, for the Indian Massacre of 1622 tended to narrow the area under cultivation for that year. Sugar is best grown on relatively flat, fertile land. By 1622 plantations extended at intervals from Point Comfort as far as 140 miles up the James River, and the planters were so absorbed in the cultivation of tobacco that they gave the Indians firearms and employed them to do their hunting. Both companies made steep cuts at production facilities throughout the 1990s. Plantations Economy - SlavesA slave plantation economy was based on agricultural mass production requiring a large labor force. Tobacco became the biggest of all the trade exports during the Colonial period and tobacco plantations were highly profitable. Enter your email address to subscribe to AccessGenealogy and receive notifications of new posts by email. The country is the leading consumer of tobacco related products in the world. Of the four plants of the Americas that spread to the rest of the world in the Columbian Exchange—potato, maize, tomato, and tobacco—the last is the only one used in every country. Another product of sugar cane is molasses were was used to produce rum - a major trade export of the Northern colonies. Sugar PlantationsCane sugar was first imported to the 13 Southern colonies from the West Indies. Tobacco and cigar exportation and its contribution to the national economy. The English and European colonists during the Colonial period had no practical experience of rice crops and the production of rice required its workers on the rice plantations to possess knowledge of the land and how to cultivate. While the production of tobacco continued to expand north and west, it made little headway in the sandy counties of Princess Anne and Norfolk. Plantation produ… Plantations: tobacco, rice, sugar cane and cotton The agriculture system of plantations was implemented in the Southern Colonies during Colonial Times. Overseers were men hired by the owners to manage and direct the work of slaves. In the Caribbean and South America, crops such as Sugar were more common. Tobacco farming is a lucrative business in China since it employs just about 17 million individuals. Work on the tobacco plantations required slaves. One observer declared in 1769 that the Petersburg warehouses contained more tobacco than all the rest of the warehouses on the James or the York River. The cultivation of tobacco soon spread from John Rolfe’s garden to every available plot of ground within the fortified districts in Jamestown. It also often requires working long hours as well as the use of heavy and dangerous machinery and tools that violat… Learn how your comment data is processed. Pomet physician to Louis XIV. The slaves provided sufficient labor force to produce the demanding crop on the rice plantations. The expansion into the interior did not take place until the Tidewater area had become fairly well settled. By 1617 the value of tobacco was well known in every settlement or plantation in Virginia–Bermuda, Dale’s Gift, Henrico, Jamestown, Kecoughtan, and West and Shirley Hundreds–each under a commander. The construction of sugar cane fields to create the sugar plantations was an arduous task. At first, tobacco plantations in the “tobacco colonies”, of which Virginia was the most notable, simply harvested the plants and then covered them with hay to prepare them in a … b. slaves could be traded for manufactured goods with the middle and new england colonies. There was a ready market for tobacco in England. Classic art reinvented with a modern twist. The first appreciable decline came during the Revolution and this trend continued until the tobacco was almost completely abandoned in Tidewater in the nineteenth century. This established a new pattern of slavery: slaves from Africa were forcibly taken to the plantations of the Americas. Slave plantations included the rice plantations, cotton plantations and indigo plantations. Southern Plantations Economy - Types of Plantations in the Colonial SouthDifferent crops were grown on the plantations but the crops most suited to the South were: The tobacco plantations were the first to emerge. 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